Genre: Black History

Books from Dagmar Miura in the black history genre

Footprints of the Montford Point Marines: Strides in Overcoming Racial Disparities in the Marine Corps

by Eugene S. Mosley

The Footprints of the Montford Point Marines explores historic information about the Montford Point Marines and also my dad, Corporal Thomas Mosley, while serving with the first group of African American Marines in the United States. This is the story of a brief period of his life, from Montford Point Camp to the Pacific in World War II, and seventy years later being awarded the Congressional Gold Medal by Congress.

These men came from all parts of the United States to the South to train at a segregated facility called Montford Point Camp, adjacent to Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, the largest all-purpose Marine base in the world. It had the best equipment for all types of military training, but these new black enlistees at the adjacent Montford Point Camp were not allowed to enter unless accompanied by a White officer—Camp Lejeune was exclusive to White Marines and their families only. With World War II looming, the government needed all hands on deck and created millions of new jobs in preparation but continued keeping Blacks out of the job market and housing.

With the pressure imposed by groups such as the NAACP, President Franklin D. Roosevelt had to rethink these exclusions, at least in the federal workplace, and through negotiations with many groups, led by A. Philip Randolph, Executive Order 8802 was issued by President Roosevelt on June 25, 1941, to counter racial discrimination. The U.S. Marine Corps was part of the defense industry, and as a result had to open their ranks to African Americans who wished to serve. The Montford Point Marines became giants in the Asiatic Pacific and were some of the greatest heroes this country has ever known.

Through swamps, hills, and worse terrain, under heavy enemy gunfire, they were able to supply ammunition, fuel, food, and medical supplies to troops on the front lines where most others had failed. They were also charged with removing the dead and wounded back to the safety of the ships waiting offshore. Eventually they were called to the front lines and fought in every major battle in the Pacific islands.

Some seventy years later, on June 27, 2012, approximately four hundred of these brave men, mostly in their eighties and nineties, finally received their just recognition by receiving Congressional Gold Medals. Other families received the medal posthumously. From 1942 to 1949, the 19,168 Montford Point Marines paid the price so others could follow in their footprints to continue the legacy of the few, the proud, the Marines: Semper Fidelis (Always Faithful). They were also known as “The Chosen Few.”

“Eugene Mosley’s Footprints of the Montford Point Marines is much more than a moving tribute from a son to his father. Told largely through the eyes of Thomas Mosley, one of the nation’s first African American Marines, who trained at Montford Point, a portion of Camp Lejeune in Jacksonville, North Carolina, it also contains additional research on the White officers and Black noncommissioned officers who trained them and accompanied them into battle in World War II’s Pacific theater. Mosley’s work, easily accessible, is a valuable contribution to the literature on the gradual, and often grudging, acceptance of African Americans into the American military.”  —Melton McLaurin, Professor Emeritus of History, University of North Carolina Wilmington, and author of The Marines of Montfort Point, America’s First Black Marines

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